A number of workers are killed or seriously injured in confined spaces each year. This happens in a wide range of industries, from those involving complex plant to simple storage vessels.

Those killed include workers in the confined or enclosed space and those who try to rescue them without proper systems of work, training and equipment.
What is a confined space?

Some confined spaces are fairly easy to identify, eg enclosures with limited openings, however others are not so obvious and workers need to be trained to recognise and assess how to work safely and avoid harm to themselves and others. Examples of confined and enclosed spaces include:
■ storage tanks;
■ silos;
■ reaction vessels;
■ enclosed drains;
■ sewers.

Others may be less obvious, but can be equally dangerous, for example:
■ open-topped chambers;
■ vats;
■ combustion chambers in furnaces etc;
■ ductwork;
■ unventilated or poorly ventilated rooms.


The ‘Confined and Enclosed Spaces Awareness’ course aims to give essential information needed to understand what is defined as confined or enclosed spaces, what the hazards are and general safe systems of work know.

At the end of the course learners will be able to:

  • Describe what is defined as a confined or enclosed space
  • Recognise the common hazards that can exist
  • Understand the hierarchy of control that starts with avoiding access
  • Appreciate the safety precautions and safe systems of work that are typically used
  • Explain what emergency procedures need to be in place and adopted with particular emphasis around the risk of multiple fatalities


This awareness course is ideal for managers, supervisors and workers who may be presented with confined and enclosed spaces as part of their work and would need to recognise and assess the need to access.


Confined and Enclosed Spaces Awareness can be delivered online or through a computer network to their desktop or laptop or a device. The training can be completed at the learner’s own pace by ‘book marking’ and recording progress and returning to the training at a later stage. In delivering the training in this way the normal costs of training are reduced whilst still achieving the desired awareness and compliance with the organisation’s legal responsibilities.


An invaluable feature of Praxis42 eLearning modules is our learning management system called SHINE. This solves the problem of compliance record keeping by recording completion of modules and making them available for you to view and manage electronically. No more struggling to find training records should you have a visit from the enforcing agency or an audit. We can also provide the course to be integrated into a SCORM compliant LMS.


10 minutes eLearning course


The course highlights the key points of confined and enclosed space safety, by raising awareness of the hazards and risks and precautions that should be taken to prevent harm.


  1. Definitions and foreseeable risks
  2. Hazards associated with confined spaces – physical, biological and atmospheric
  3. Precautions and safe systems of work
  4. Emergency arrangements and risk of multiple fatalities
  5. End assessment


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